The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles Company A, 49th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment (SVR) Honor Guard for the Department of Iowa, SUVCW
Per Angusta ad Augusta
9th May 2009
Mustered on June 4th, 2009
This document is meant to serve as a guideline for the 49th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles. Such Regiment being formed to represent the Department of Iowa, SUVCW, in a formal way at public and private functions to be determined by the Unit Commander in consultation with the Department of Iowa Commander; and, to engage in the restoration, repair, and/or replacement of monuments to the service of Iowa troops in this nation’s wars.. It is to be considered binding upon all members of the Regiment at all times, and failure to conform to these regulations shall be grounds for dismissal from the ranks of the Regiment.
Insomuch as this unit will have a very public presence, and in their official capacity shall naturally represent both the Department of Iowa, and the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War as a whole, it is desirable that very high standards be established, met, and maintained by all parties connected in any way with this unit.
It is foreseen that this unit will be under constant scrutiny by the public, our own membership, and that of the National Organization to which we belong, and that failure to meet the highest standards of action and deportment will reflect poorly upon not only the Unit, but our organization as a whole. Conversely, outstanding performance on the part of this unit will become a constant source of pride by the participants, the Department of Iowa, and the National Organization and will lead to the enhancement of feelings of esprit d’ corps that should define an Order such as our own.
After consultation with National authorities, it is understood that individuals who join this unit may retain their membership in other SVR Units, but will be required to pay dues to both units, if they wish to retain dual memberships. In order for this new unit to be formally recognized, it shall require the enlistment of at least six (6) individuals.
Because of the heritage of this organization, being a Fraternal Order that was comprised of veterans of the United States Military who served their country during the Civil war (1861 to 1865) this unit shall be Military in dress, drill, and deportment; and shall be comprised of volunteers from the ranks of the various Iowa SVR Units.
The Unit shall be known as Company “A”, 49th Regiment Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry; and, shall be called colloquially, The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles.
In the initial stages of organization, for The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles to be considered viable it shall have as a minimum, six members who will serve as the primary Color Guard (2 Color bearers and 4 Men-at-Arms). It is anticipated that this unit will grow in size to include at least Four Color Bearers, Two Drill Sergeants; and as many Corporals to serve as Men at Arms as shall be possible to handle within the drill squad. In future, if sufficient enlistees apply to join the Regiment, further Color Guards (similarly ranked) may be formed across other geographical regions of the State of Iowa. The Unit shall be commanded by a 1st Sergeant, or a person of such rank as SVR Regulations shall dictate.
Participation in the Unit Mission/Activities
This is a PARTICIPATORY Regiment, and those enlisting in the 49th Iowa will be expected to participate in the activities of the unit to the greatest extent that is possible. If you do not intend to participate in the activities of the Regiment, please do not waste your time or ours by reading further. This Regiment is not for you and you should not give any further consideration to joining.
NO MEMBER of this Regiment will be "carried" on the roster if they do not participate in unit functions and activities.
Non-participation in unit activities will result in the guardsman being dropped from the roster at the end of his initial one-year term of service; and, if dropped from the Regimental Roster for non-participation, the guardsman shall not be allowed to re-enlist in the Regiment for a period of five-years from the date that he is dropped from the rolls, unless the Regimental Commander gives him special dispensation for cause.
Initial "enlistment" in the Regiment shall be for a period of one-year. This period shall be considered to be probationary and if the standards outlined in this document are not met, the enlistee will not be allowed to "re-enlist" in the Regiment.
Subsequent re-enlistments in the Regiment shall be for periods of three-years each.
Rank Structure of the Unit
Officially the ranks to be held by members of this unit shall be governed by the extant SVR Regulations of the Sons of Veterans Reserve (such as those embodied within Article V, Company Headquarters, Para’s 1 and 6). The Regulations shall provide the ultimate guidance in these matters. The more enlistees that this unit acquires, the higher the rank of the Company Commander, and conversely the more promotions that can be made within the unit as far as the National Command structure is concerned.
Operationally, we will adopt the rank system of Union Army Regimental Color Guards of the period 1863; that being that the unit shall consist entirely of Non-Commissioned Officers of the ranks of Corporal, Sergeant, Color Sergeants, and First Sergeant. The Commander and Executive Officer shall be of the rank warranted by extant SVR Regulations and shall retain ultimate command authority at all times. When in the field, the serving First Sergeant shall assume direct command of the unit Color Sergeants, Drill Sergeants and Corporals and shall report directly to Command.
ALL enlistees in this Regiment shall enter the operational unit with the rank of Corporal. Promotions within the ranks shall then be made by merit, and shall be governed by the maintenance of the appropriate ratios of ranks within the regiment (i.e.; we must have Corporals to serve as Men at Arms to protect the Color Sergeants who bear colors. These Corporals shall report directly to their assigned Drill Sergeants).
Standards of Dress and Equipage
All guardsmen shall be issued an identity tag upon entering the unit and shall be expected to wear that device at all regimentally sanctioned event.
All members of The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles will be expected to provide their own uniforms.
These uniforms shall be, at all times, and for all IR functions, CLEAN, serviceable, and in good repair. The uniform shall meet the guidelines for military dress for units of the Regular United States Army extant between 1861 and 1865; and shall be maintained to the levels set within the pertinent regulations. In short, if it is capable of bearing a shine; it will shine! Boots and leather will be blacked and buffed to sheen. Brass emblems, buttons, and rifle parts will be shined at all times that the uniform is worn in public. This requirement is consistent with regulations extant in the Union Army during the period of the Civil war (1861-1865) and shall be strictly adhered to by this unit at all times.
We are wearing a facsimile of the uniform of the United States Military forces of the 1860's and we should always look as though we are cognizant of that fact.
Far too many of the “re-enactor” mind-set believes that “seedy” is a substitute for “seasoned” and have been known to go to extremes of slovenly dress to try to make themselves look like “old soldiers”. Well, for the most part, we ARE ALL old soldiers and the purpose of the “Governor’s Own” is NOT TO BE RE-ENACTORS. We are the living embodiment of our ancestors who served this nation through the most difficult time in it’s history, and then went on to spend the rest of their lives together as members of the Grand Army of the Republic. We owe it to them and to our heritage to stand tall and look good in the public eye.
As of 1st January, 2010, the uniform of the Regiment shall become standardized.
That standardization shall be based upon the simple concept of uniformity, and shall represent a member of the Union Army Infantry, wearing the uniform extant during the period of the American Civil War. If, by January of 2010, your uniform does not conform to the standards as stated, you will not be allowed to perform uniformed functions in public with the Regiment.
The meaning of that word is “everybody looks alike”; and not just “similar”. Alike, in the context of the IR means “AS CLOSE TO CLONED AS WE CAN GET”. So…bearing that thought in mind:
THE UNIFORM FOR COLOR SQUADS SHALL BE:
1. ARMY: Frock Coats trimmed in Infantry blue (because Iowa contributed more infantrymen than any other branch) shall be the standard uniform coat. Standard military “issue “eagle buttons on the frock coat shall be replaced with buttons bearing the Great Seal of the State of Iowa (Issued to you). Infantry blue rank insignia and service bars shall be worn appropriately affixed to the sleeves. The Gold Eagle SVR emblem shall be present on each collar of the frock coat and will be highly shined. The eagle devices shall be placed in the center of each collar (top to bottom) and shall be inset from the collar piping exactly 1 inch (to the attaching post). One set of collar eagle emblems will be issued to each Guardsman. Guardsmen who are designated to be “Color Sergeants” will wear as their insignia of rank the standard Infantry chevrons with crossed flags on halberds, as described in Casey’s Manual for Regimental Color Guards 1863 (Issued).
The First Corporal of the Regiment shall be in charge of the drilling of all Corporals inferior to him in rank and shall ensure that all Corporals are at least basically familiar with their rifles, and the use thereof in ceremonies. Upon satisfactory completion of a course of instruction by the First Corporal and, with demonstrated proficiency in the use of their arms, Corporals of the Regiment shall be authorized to place the “Crossed Flags” (issued) device onto their sleeves immediately above and centered upon their chevrons. Drill Sergeants shall have operational control over their assigned Corporals, and shall assist the First Corporal in the training of their subordinate Corporals of the Color Guard.
Buttons on the Infantry frock coat shall be the gold State of Iowa button; and the side buttons on the field forage cap shall also be miniature State of Iowa buttons in gold.
Greatcoats shall be the Regulation “Kersey Blue” and shall also bear the State of Iowa buttons (issued).
All members of the Regiment shall, upon the satisfactory completion of their initial term of probationary enlistment and acceptance for permanent enlistment into the Regiment, attach to the left sleeve cuff of their frock coat the tab device distinguishing them to be a member of The Governor’s Own. This device tab shall be centered directly below the upward spike of the infantry blue sleeve piping and situated so that the tab is approximately ½ inch below the rising curves of the piping as it climbs to the apex of the spike.
For clarification, and upon request, the Commander will provide you with a photograph showing the proper placement of the tab device.
US MARINES: Frock Coats trimmed in US Marine Corps red piping, with gold on red rank insignia, and service stripes.
US NAVY AND NAVAL INFANTRY: Shall wear the dress uniform of their branch of service that was extant for the time period 1861-65.
2. Uniform Trousers will be regulation “Kersey“ blue. Non-commissioned officers of the rank of SERGEANT and above shall wear a 1.5 inch wide Navy Blue stripe along the outer trouser seam.
CORPORALS shall wear a Navy blue trouser stripe that is 1/2inch in width covering the outside seam of each trouser leg.
OFFICERS shall wear Navy blue trousers with Infantry blue piping on the side seams of the outer leg.
USMC/NAVY uniform trousers shall be appropriate for the service and time of year, and/or mission being represented.
3. Standard Field head gear for the Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles shall be the field forage cap (sometimes called a "bummer"). It shall bear the Infantry emblem (French horn), and in precisely the same manner on each member’s headgear. Company, State, and Unit identifiers shall also be displayed upon the roundels of the forage cap, and the side buttons for the functioning chin strap shall be State of Iowa buttons. There will be NO “Jed Clampett” style headgear in the IR! Period! USMC/NAVAL headgear shall be appropriate to those branches of service.
Company Officers shall wear the regulation officer’s kepi with Infantry horn device and black appliquéd top braiding and side trim.
ALL members of the Regiment shall also obtain the Model 1858 black felt dress hat of the Regular United States Army (commonly referred to as a “Jeff Davis” or “Hardee Hat”) that shall be high crowned with a flat 2.5 inch brim. These hats shall be dressed with the Infantry blue hat cord, single black plume fastened on the right side of the hat with the LEFT brim turned up and secured with the Federal Eagle device.
Non-Commissioned Officers of the regiment shall adorn the front of their hats with the standard Infantry Horn, Company, State, and Regimental identifiers.
OFFICERS shall wear the same hat with Black and Gold cord, double plume, and the INFANTRY HORN. The wearing of the dress hat shall be upon orders of the COMMANDER of the Regiment for Dress occasions only until/unless further directed.
4. Footgear shall be the United States Army issue “Brogan” style bootee (as issued during the war). Other, square-toed footgear shall be considered, so long as they are not noticeably different from the other members of each team.
For Dress Parade Duty, and other events as ordered, a “Corfam” marching shoe shall be adopted and worn at the direction of the Commander. The white canvas “gaiter” with black leather straps may ultimately become part of the Fall and Winter uniform.
5. Leather gear. As a minimum, all IR guardsmen will wear a cartridge case appropriate to the weapon that he will carry (the standard shall be the US Pattern P58 case for .58 cal. Ball) and that case shall be suspended from a standard cross belt, with “puppy paw” eagle breast plate (Army). The cartridge case itself shall bear the oval “US” insignia (Army). ALL BRASS devices will be highly polished AT ALL TIMES! Over the cartridge sling, the team members shall wear the black leather belt with Cap pouch, bayonet scabbard and a “U.S” oval buckle. This buckle will be highly shined.
Company officers shall wear the standard regulation sword belt with cross-chest strap and eagle buckle with sword hangers for dress and naked belt for undress occasions. Side-arms in covered holsters may upon occasion be worn at the prerogative of the Commander. The waist belt shall be centered upon their command sashes.
Color Sergeants shall not wear the cartridge pouch on cross belt, but shall instead transfer the cartridge pouch to his waist belt and wear it centered in the small of his back. This is to facilitate the wearing of the black leather flag harness (issued) while on parade duty.
Color Sergeants may elect to wear the smaller Model 1858 Carbine Cartridge Box instead of the full-sized Rifle Cartridge box if they choose. If the Color Sergeants elect to wear the Carbine Cartridge Pouch, it shall have the oval "U.S." device in place on the outer flap, and such device shall be highly shined at all times. Color Sergeants shall remove the tin inserts from their Cartridge boxes so as to facilitate the stowage of dress gloves, and/or the canvas sheath for their respective colors once uncased.
If there are two or more color bearers, all should be turned out in precisely the same manner, as will all Men-At-Arms.
5.a. Canteens: Standard canteens of the Civil War Period shall be Navy Blue in color, and Regimental markings in white will be worn, with blackened leather slings. Both the canteen covers and leather slings shall be issue items, but each guardsman shall provide his own canteen.
5.b. Haversacks: Each guardsman shall equip himself with a tarred canvas Haversack of standard size and configuration with blackened leather strap closure.
5.c. Spats/Gaiters: In future, the regiment may adopt the white canvas “puttee” Style Military legging with black leather cinch straps for Fall and Winter wear.
6. Weapons*. There were a wide variety of shoulder weapons used during the Civil War, and it was not unusual to find vastly different weapons used within the same units during the war. While we cannot dictate that this or that weapon is the only one that shall be carried, serious attempts should be made for the Men-at-Arms who are accompanying the color bearers to all be carrying the same shoulder arm. If (for instance), one man is carrying a Model P53, 1862 3-band Tower Enfield then it would be highly desirable for the other men to also carry this same weapon, bayonet, and scabbard. At least for ceremonies where all we are doing is Posting or “Trooping” the colors, like at a sporting event. If we are actually performing in a ceremony of some sort and then standing around for interaction with the public, it might be desirable for us to have a variety of weapons so that we can explain the differences/preferences…it sparks their interest and that is a good thing.
*Whatever weapon is being carried, it shall, at all times, and for all functions, be cleaned to a standard such that it will pass a thorough weapons inspection by the person commanding the unit for the activity being held. At no time, unless specifically directed to do so, will members of the unit carry powder, or caps to an event. The retention of an expended cap covering the “nipple” of a guardsman’s shoulder weapon is acceptable, but no “live” caps shall be carried unless specifically directed to do so. Expended caps will ALWAYS be removed prior to weapons inspections to prevent possible injury to the inspecting officer/NCO. Functional bayonets will be carried at all times and will be shined and in serviceable condition for being affixed to the weapon being carried. All bayonet scabbards will be shined and will bear the proper medal tip, appropriate to the bayonet being carried.
Color Sergeants shall wear the “Enfield” design straight scabbard that runs along the left pant leg side stripe so as not to have their bayonet interfere with their flag harnesses.
7. Gloves. All members shall be required to own a pair of white gloves that may be required for certain events. However, as a matter of course, only those bearing the colors will wear white gloves on a regular basis. For winter time events, regulation grey woolen gloves (either fingered or half-fingered to allow for the firing of volleys) will be worn, but all will be of uniform style to be determined later.
RIBBONS, MEDALS, AWARDS, AND INSIGNIA:
1. Department, War OR Military Service (NOT BOTH), and SVR ribbons may be worn appropriately, on the left breast. A member in good standing of either the Masonic Order, or the Knights of Columbus, shall be allowed to wear the sign of that order on the lower right sleeve of his frock coat. If the Guardsman has earned and been awarded the Regimental Honors Cord, that shall be worn on the left shoulder of his frock coat.
2. If awarded with a Special Campaign medal, or Marksmanship Medal once found to be competent with the use of his weapon, the Guardsman shall wear said medals on his right breast as dictated by standing SVR Regulations. Only guardsmen who were on the rolls of the Regiment at time of award shall wear the Special Campaign Medal; or those who have completed their first year “enlistment” and have attained “veteran status” can wear the campaign ribbon. Campaign ribbons shall be issued by the Commander.
2.a. The Special Campaign Medal awarded under Special Order # 11, dated 30 December, 2009 at the completion of the restoration efforts for “Vicksburg” shall bear the “V” device upon the drop of the medal for all personnel on active duty at the time of the award.
2.b. Guardsmen on active duty at the time of the completion of restoration efforts for the monument at Eddyville, Iowa shall add a silver “E” device to the drop of this campaign medal. This device shall be located to the immediate inside (left) of the “V’” device.
3. The SVR Meritorious Unit Citation awarded at Gettysburg on 20th November, 2010, shall be worn upon the left breast and centered above all other decorations worn there upon.
4. The Governor’s Volunteerism Award medallion awarded to the Regiment for its support of the Iowa Battle Flags Project, State historical Society of Iowa in July of 2010 shall be worn on the right breast, centered upon and 1-inch above the “Vicksburg” Campaign Medal and Marksmanship Medal by those who are entitled same; and shall be worn centered upon the right breast of those guardsmen not so entitled.
Should a PROVOST be appointed for certain functions, he shall be allowed to wear a badge denoting him as such. This device shall be worn ONLY during the mission for which he is designated as PROVOST.
NO OTHER insignia will be allowed, unless specifically authorized by Special Orders of the Regiment.
Note: for basic Drill and Deportment training, this Unit will be using either Hardee’s “Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics for the Exercise and Maneuvres of Troops, etc”, J, Lippincott & Co, Philadelphia,1861; commonly called “The School of the Soldier”; or, possibly Silas Casey’s similarly entitled treatise on the subject. However, in future, certain other military manuals regarding Drill and Ceremonies of the time period may also be consulted.
It shall be the on-going mission of The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles SVR Unit to further the ideals of the Department of Iowa, Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, through the provision of a highly trained and proficient marching unit that shall consist of a Color Guard, and associated other small units, to perform at public functions of all sorts at the direction of the Regiment’s commanding NCO/Officer.
It is anticipated that these “functions” shall include the posting of colors at sporting events, patriotic events, parades, funerals and remembrance services, dedications and re-dedication ceremonies for public monuments, county fairs, the Iowa State Fair, municipal celebrations and at events at venues such as Living History Farms, Iowa's Gold Star Museum at Camp Dodge, programs at National Guard Armories around the state; educational events at schools and other venues; and, at Civil War related events marking the approaching Sesquicentennial.
This unit shall also be deeply involved in funds-raising activities in support of the Iowa Rifles Monument Restoration Project; which will enable us to take part in the restoration and repair of Iowa Monuments both within and without the State of Iowa.
As a secondary mission, the Regiment shall be actively seeking to ascertain the name and locations of all Civil War veterans who lay buried under Iowa soil; and, to register these burials upon the SUVCW’s National Graves Registration Project website. It is imperative that this information be compiled for future generations and this Regiment shall be in the vanguard of making this a reality. Ideally, this can be accomplished by the closing days of the Sesquicentennial in 2015.
And here is where the rubber meets the road. READ WHAT FOLLOWS VERY CAREFULLY…TWICE….
The United States Marine Corps currently has an advertising campaign featuring large billboards showing a steel-eyed young Marine with the words, “The Marines…we don’t take applications. Only Commitments”
Well, Brothers, it ain’t just the Marines…it’s us too.
What we are looking at, realistically, at least to start is probably AT LEAST one weekend day per month (maybe two, depending upon how much we already know, and whether we have basic counting skills) to decide upon our march steps, wheel movements, facing movements, how to stand at attention and the divergence between “rest” and “parade rest” (both armed and disarmed), carriage and presenting of the colors, fixing and unfixing bayonets, carry arms, support arms, shoulder arms, (we will never use ground arms when the colors are present, as that is an act of surrendering your colors) when to come to present arms, how long to remain there, what verbal (and, in some cases, non-verbal) commands we already know, etc. We will also instruct in military courtesy, rank recognition and appropriate military protocol, and shall maintain the highest standards of discipline when in the uniform of the Regiment and/or its sub units.
It is anticipated that, in future, there will be an actual "Manual for Guardsmen of the 49th Iowa" published, and that there may be a basic written or oral examination of candidates before accepting applicants into the Regiment. There may also be formulated a basic "Camp of Instruction" period for new members of the Regiment that must be completed before the new Guardsmen will be allowed to participate in public functions as a full member of the Regiment.
It is anticipated that we will get really busy with requests for our participation coming in. Initially, until our numbers grow a bit and we gain the capability to field more that one team per Company area, we will try to plan events for only one day on certain weekends, but we might find ourselves going to two events that are in proximity to one another on one day…so if you don’t have the ability to make this sort of time commitment (on top of all of the others that you will be making to belong) then we appreciate your interest, but this probably is not the activity for you.
If you do commit, please be there when we need you. If you commit to an event, the only viable excuse for not showing up would absolutely have to involve arterial bleeding on someone’s part, or death.
For further information or to make the commitment, please contact First Sergeant Lamb; Sergeant Michael Carr, Regimental Adjutant; Regimental Color Sergeant Krock, or any other serving member of the 49th Iowa (any one of whom can act in the capacity of a recruiter for The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles).
YEARLY ENLISTMENT DATES
Open Enlistment Periods shall be yearly and shall be between January 1st and March 15th of each succeeding calendar year. This is being done because yearly reports of unit strength must be submitted to the governing Military District no later than 1st April and we need processing time.
Enlist now and help us to “forward the Line” into the future as we approach the Sesquicentennial of the Civil War. An Enlistment Bounty of $3.00 in bona-fide Federal currency shall be paid to each enlistee (in the form of your initial year’s dues for membership in the Rifles! In addition, if unit funds allow, all yearly per-capita dues to the SVR shall be paid from Regimental funds.
Prospective enlistees shall be expected to sign a statement verifying that they have read, understand, and agree to the conditions outlined above prior to their applications being accepted for in-processing into the Regiment.
Welcome to the ranks of the finest Sons of Veterans Reserve unit in all of North America!
Company “A”, 49th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment The Governor’s Own Iowa Rifles per angusta ad augusta (Through Difficulties to Honors; our founding motto)
Semper Primus (Always First, secondary motto adopted in January 2010)
Gubernatoria Suus (“The Governor’s Own”; unofficial motto adopted Feb 12, 2010 and displayed upon the Regimental Colors)
D. M. Lamb 1/Lt., Commanding
Revised (edition 1.8) October, 2009, this document supersedes all prior editions. Revised (edition 1.9) December, 2009, this document supersedes all prior editions. Revised (edition 2.0) February, 2010, this document supersedes all prior editions. Revised (edition 2.1) May, 2010, this document supersedes all prior editions. Revised (edition 2.2) August, 2010, this document supersedes all prior editions. Revised (edition 2.3) October, 2010, this document supersedes all prior editions. Revised (edition 2.4) November, 2010, this document supersedes all prior editions Revised (edition 2.5) April, 2011, this document supersedes all prior editions Revised (edition 2.6) May, 2011, this document supersedes all prior editions Revised (edition 2.7) September, 2011, this document supersedes all prior editions